Sourcing Strategies and supply chain operations under the impact of COVID-19
Call for papers for: Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing
Call for Papers from Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing
Dr. Bhavin Shah, Indian Institute of Management, Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India ([email protected])
Dr. Pankaj Dutta, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India ([email protected])
Dr. Angappa Gunasekaran, California State University, USA ([email protected])
Dr. Surendra Kansara, Symbiosis International University, India ([email protected])
The present state of affairs:
Recently, widespread COVID-19 has created major economical problems worldwide. It is becoming unmanageable for the industries to avoid its impact on the supply chain. It has impeded the logistic movement globally (Linton and Vakil, 2020). All industrial sectors are affected by the interrupted supply of required materials. The e-retailer giant ‘Amazon’ has safeguarded its inventories to mitigate the risk. With the experiences, society and companies have learned that they should not rely on a single supply base and share resources collaboratively to ensure uninterrupted supplies (Haque and Islam, 2018). More relaxed multi-modal regulations enable the managers to procure parts from any location in the world that turns into a multi-tier sourcing base (Haren and Simchi-Levi, 2020). Multiple reasons put pressure on managers to reduce operational costs and they achieve it by strategizing it in the form of contract manufacturing, lean manufacturing (Cozzolino et al. 2012), offshoring, and outsourcing (Hernandez and Haddud, 2018) and so on. The strategies do not prove sustainable when the supply gets disrupted by such an unprecedented pandemic (Yang et al. 2018). The situation has enforced major manufacturers either to cut their production or suspend the operations temporarily due to a lack of materials (Stauffer et al. 2018). During the initial spreading stage of this pandemic, the logistics service providers have tried all possible transportation alternatives globally and locally, by paying a higher cost to ensure smooth and flawless material movements. But, these attempts proved to be ineffective when the government restricted movements by sealing all international, provincial borders and citywide entries with some exemptions. Thus, the practitioners are insisted to re-evaluate the sourcing strategies.
Substantial literature is available focusing on supplier risk evaluation and mitigations to reduce disruptions with respect to disaster relief supply chain (Maghsoudi et al. 2018) and humanitarian operations (Anparasan and Lejeune, 2017). The uncertainty due to coronavirus spread raises difficulty to predict its impact, as the outbreak started with a small scale and dispersed quickly beyond geographies (Ivanov, 2020). Therefore, in spite of intensive research-based solutions on global sourcing and risk management, today all of these proved to be not sustainable. In an attempt to explore viable alternatives to overcome this pandemic impact, Ivanov & Dolgui (2020) suggested an application of intertwined supply networks as a possible survival solution. They assess supply chain performance and identify the factors of risk mitigation. More rational sourcing plans as argued by Kumar (2020) and recovery policies are expected to protect the businesses from such unforeseen global pandemic. Therefore, it becomes imperative to re-look at the sourcing strategies, supply chain risk, and sustainable theories (Kumar, 2020) that can help to evaluate the effect of alternative approaches on global economies and sourcing.
The lockdowns and suspension of public transportations left the migrant people unfulfilled with basic necessities. Depending upon the intensity of the spread of the virus, the travel access, and people's movement restrictions differed geographically. No one-dimensional logistic approach or solution can work in such a situation since a pandemic controlled travel environment. Hence, existing humanitarian logistics models are required to revisit to develop more harmonized approaches (Dasaklis et al. 2012). The local communities and government authorities playing a vital role to ensure supply. For example, the Indian government is rescuing the situation by using public rail transportation to distribute essential goods among civilians. Such efforts enforce reliance on public transportation systems and encourage local logistics opportunities. Therefore, research exploring government policies to handle such situations can help to redesign the public distribution and logistics policies. Certainly, technology and data analytics play a vital role here for the people and local commodity movements (Kamble et al. 2019; Mkansi et al. 2019), but how can this technology ensures safe and secure transportation in such pandemic environment is awaited challenge to address.
Employees of the industry are advised to work from home and not to travel. Many counties have temporarily suspended the tourism, pilgrimage travel, students’ migration, and diplomats/convoys movements. Public gatherings and events such as marriages, mega-sports, performances, concerts, movies, and educational institutes are also affected. Such gatherings are either getting canceled, or postponed. It will certainly impact the intention of movement for the time being (Stepchenkova et al. 2019) and social balancing aspects, which need to be re-assessed.
Therefore, the questions that arose and insist to rethink the practitioners are:
• Do contemporary sourcing strategies are competent enough to fight against pandemic such as COVID-19?
• Do managers need to rethink for resilient solutions to ensure uninterrupted supplies under pandemic situation?
• How technology could ensure quick, safe, and secure transportation in a pandemic environment?
• How does the Post COVID-19 economy look like?
• Is it possible to design sustainable supply chains that can withstand epidemics and gain control over global supplies?
• As a contrary argument, the less or non-affected countries or geographies may consider this situation as a humanitarian opportunity to address the anticipated gaps in sourcing requirements.
Target audiences and contributors:
The proposed issue invites the executives and practitioners from industries such as manufacturing, aviation, e-retail, process engineering, consumer durables, health care, jewelry, pharmacy, apparel, information technology, oil & gas, agro products, and other commodities to share their experiences of their victimization of the COVID-19 and how they combat the disruption. The policymakers, economists, government agencies, and individuals can also share their views on the situation. The researchers are expected to consider contemporary supply chain issues, have a relook at the existing theories, and suggest appropriate practices and models that can help a quick reclamation from such unforeseen problems in the future.
Proposed theme and objectives:
The overall objective is to review, assess, and analyze the impact of COVID-19 on sourcing, logistics, global operations, and humanitarian supply chain. This special issue may include research articles of conceptual, empirical studies, case studies, mathematical modeling, and literature reviews discussing challenges that are faced by the global logistics industry. The studies demonstrating novel methods and approaches to such pandemic problems impacting supply chain performance are also welcome. Confining the scope of such contemporary research would be discouraging, but looking at the journal’s scope that broadly revolves around the theme of global sourcing and supply operations assessing COVID-19’s impact would be appropriate. The allied issues that can be addressed, but not limited to are listed below:
• Rethinking sourcing strategies for global operations management
• Impact of COVID-19 on global sourcing, warehousing and distribution practices
• Government policies in response to overcoming COVID-19 impact on the economy
• The response of MSME and startups to COVID-19
• Redesigning local supply chain and sourcing networks: Post lockdown situation
• Managing inventories to mitigate the impact of COVID-19
• Humanitarian logistics under epidemic controlled travel
• Role and contribution of technology for sourcing and supply chain management during pandemics
• Assessing the social impact of COVID-19
• Comparing the economical impact of strategic sourcing: Slowdown vs. Lockdown
The originality of the research theme:
Many incidences during the ongoing pandemic hinted towards either shortages or non-availability of various materials sourcing at the point of requirement or consumption. May it be face masks & shields, hand sanitizers, surgical-grade materials, and equipment, other essential goods including groceries, perishable & non-perishable food items, and other daily need items. Hence it thought necessary to bridge the research gap by means of assessing global operations and sourcing strategies under the impact of COVID-19.
• Submission Due Date: March 31st, 2021
• Final Editorial Decision: November 30th, 2021
Note: Submitted papers will go for review process without waiting till deadline and the accepted manuscript will be published accordingly.
Anparasan, A. and Lejeune, M. (2017), “Analyzing the response to epidemics: concept of evidence-based Haddon matrix”, Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 266-283.
Cozzolino, A., Rossi, S. and Conforti, A. (2012), “Agile and lean principles in the humanitarian supply chain: the case of the United Nations World food programme”, Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 16-33.
Dasaklis, D. K., Pappis, C.K., and Rachaniotis, N.P. (2012), “Epidemics control and logistics operations: A Review”, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 139, pp. 393-410.
Haren, P, and Simchi-Levi, D. (2020), “How Coronavirus Could Impact the Global Supply Chain by Mid-March”, Harvard Business Review, https://hbr.org/2020/02/how-coronavirus-could-impact-the-global-supply-chain-by-mid-march, Accessed on Feb. 2020.
Haque, M. and Islam, R. (2018), “Impact of supply chain collaboration and knowledge sharing on organizational outcomes in the pharmaceutical industry of Bangladesh”, Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 301-320.
Hernandez, F. D. and Haddud, A. (2018), "Value creation via supply chain risk management in global fashion organizations outsourcing production to China", Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 250-272.
Ivanov, D. (2020), “Predicting the impacts of epidemic outbreaks on global supply chains: A simulation-based analysis on the coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2) case”, Transportation Research Part E, 136, pp.
Ivanov, D, and Dolgui, A. (2020), “Viability of intertwined supply networks: extending the supply chain resilience angles towards survivability. A position paper motivated by COVID-19-19 outbreak”, International Journal of Production Research, DOI:10.1080/00207543.2020.1750727.
Kamble, S., Gunasekaran, A., & Arha, H. (2019), “Understanding the Blockchain technology adoption in supply chains-Indian context.” International Journal of Production Research, 57(7), 2009-2033.
Kumar, B. (2020), “Coronavirus – Companies now should rethink on the basic Procurement Principles”, Logistics Insider, https://logisticsinsider.in/coronavirus-companies-now-should-rethink-on-the-basic-procurement-principles/, Accessed March 2020.
Linton, T, and Vakil, B. (2020), “Coronavirus Is Proving We Need More Resilient Supply Chains”, Harvard Business Review, https://hbr.org/2020/03/coronavirus-is-proving-that-we-need-more-resilient-supply-chains, Accessed March 2020.
Maghsoudi, A., Zailani, S., Ramayah, T. and Pazirandeh, A. (2018), “Coordination of efforts in disaster relief supply chains: the moderating role of resource scarcity and redundancy”, International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, Vol. 21 No. 4, pp. 407-430.
Mkansi, M., de Leeuw, S. and Amosun, O. (2019), “Mobile application supported urban-township e-grocery distribution”, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 50 No. 1, pp. 26-53.
Stauffer JM., Pedraza-Martinez AJ., Yan L., Wassenhove LN., 2020. Asset supply networks in humanitarian operations: A combined empirical simulation approach, Journal of Operations Management, 63(1), 44-58.
Stepchenkova, S., Su, L. and Shichkova, E. (2019), "Intention to travel internationally and domestically in unstable world", International Journal of Tourism Cities, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 232-246.
Yang, Q., Wang, Q. and Zhao, X. (2018), “A taxonomy of transaction-specific investments and its effects on cooperation in logistics outsourcing relationships”, International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, Vol. 22 No. 6, pp. 557-575.