Entrepreneurial Solution for Communities in South Asia
Special issue call for papers from Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
Alka Sharma, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida, India
Kanupriya Misra Bakhru, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida, India
South Asia is characterized by its multiethnic, multilingual, and multi-religious communities. The social system of caste in this region makes the enumeration of people groups a highly complex task (Pickett, 2015). People and businesses globally are increasingly being influenced by societal and community interactions (Johannisson and Nilsson, 1989; Spear, 2006) and according to Max Weber insight religion plays a fundamental role in shaping economic behavior (Weber,1930).
South Asia comprising of eight countries have different communities, some originating from religion and culture, some are indigenous and some are nomadic. To cite a few countries in South Asia, India one of the countries in South Asia is multicultural. Ethnic groups in India include Indo-Nordics, Dravidians, and Mongoloids. Among India’s socio-religious groups are the Baghdadi Jews, Bene Israels, Christians, Cochini Jews, Hindus, Jains, Muslims, Parsis, and Sikhs (Dana, 2000). Bhutan over the past few years has seen a tremendous increase in the number of community forests. It gives rural communities in Bhutan scope for income generation and poverty reduction through the marketing of wood and non wood products (Phuntsho et al., 2011). There are groups regarded are indigenous existing in Bhutan. Indigenous people see natural resource-based enterprises as central to their aspirations of self-determination and sustainable communities (Anderson et al., 2006). Then there are communities like Monpas which have not been explored to a large extent (Chand, 2009). Sri Lanka is a country where fishing is a vital source of income and nutrition for many families; hence it is a land of many fishing communities. These people depend on small-scale coastal, lagoon and inland fishing is among the poorest groups in the country. Afghanistan is severely underdeveloped and poor. There are nomadic communities in this area (Ciarli et al., 2010). Development can be brought implementing community-based strategies in cooperation with local elders and staff. Maldives is a grouping of many coral islands; Dhivehis are the inhabitants of Maldives. These people do not associate risk with business activities, nor do they feel constrained by lack of financing, despite the absence of capital markets and limited banking facilities in this archipelago (Dana, 2002).
A World Bank report suggests that South Asia has an opportunity to become the manufacturing hub of the world; but achieving this will require boosting competitiveness. South Asia’s diversity in ethnicity, language and religion can be used as strength in shaping economic behavior. One of the phenomenon that can shapes economies of these countries is Entrepreneurship. This phenomenon comes from environment itself. According to Anderson (1995) entrepreneurship is “The creation and extraction of value from an environment”. This phenomenon depends on multiple factors, one of which is community. Self Help Groups of India is one of the examples of community based entrepreneurship (Kar, 2014). With the economic dimension of gross national happiness (GNH), the Bhutanese government views entrepreneurship as a significant vehicle for increasing the well-being of people (Dave, 2014). However there are some studies that found that combination of social structure and cultural values have constrained entrepreneurship in context to India (Dana, 2000).
This special issue provides the researchers a platform to explore the communities of South Asia, their opportunities and challenges for economic and social development.
Possible topics include:
• Entrepreneurial solution for prosperity in communities of South Asia
• Social Entrepreneurship for poverty elimination for rural communities
• Need for Women Entrepreneurship
• Responsible Entrepreneurship: Preserving cultural heritage of South Asia
• Entrepreneurship as tool of integration for South Asia
• Environmental Entrepreneurship
• Entrepreneurship at the Base of Pyramid (BOP)
Papers presented at the International Conference on Peaceful and Prosperous South Asia- Opportunities and Challenges (ICSA-2017) track will be considered for this special issue. However, other papers are also welcome and will be considered for this special journal issue. The deadline for submitting full papers is 30th December 2016. Please note the specific Author Guidelines for submissions to regular/special issues of JEC here - http://www.emeraldinsight.com/products/journals/author_guidelines.htm?id=jec
• Anderson, A.R. (1995). The Arcadian enterprise: an enquiry into the nature and conditions of rural small business, PhD thesis, University of Stirling, Stirling.
• Anderson, R.B., Dana, L.P. and Dana, T.E. (2006). Indigenous land rights, entrepreneurship, and economic development in Canada: ‘opting-in’ to the global economy, Journal of World Business, 41, pp. 45–55.
• Chand, R.(2009). Monpas of Bhutan : A Study of Tribal Survival and Development Responses, Bulletin of Hiroshima University Museum,1, pp 25-37.
• Ciarli, T., Parto, S., and Savona, M. (2010). Entrepreneurship under conflict in Afghanistan: Determinants and motivations of small business owners. Mimeo, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena, Germany
• Dana L.P. (2000). Creating entrepreneurs in India. Journal of Small Business Management, 38 (1), pp. 86-91.
• Dana L.P. (2002). Sustainable development in the Maldives: the Dhivehi context of entrepreneurship. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2(6), pp. 557-565.
• Dave V. (2014). Culture, values and entrepreneurial motivation in Bhutan. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 8(2), pp. 126 – 146.
• Johannisson, B., and Nilsson, A. (1989). Community Entrepreneurs: Networking for Local Development. Entrepreneurship and Local Development, 1, pp 3-19.
• Kar, B.B. (2014) Community Based Women Entrepreneurship: Reappraisal of Self Help Group. Odisha Review; Odisha Governments Monthly Magazine, 21, pp. 98-106.
• Phuntsho, S., Schmidt, K., Kuyakanon, R., Temphel, K.J. (Eds.) (2011). Community Forestry in Bhutan: Putting People at the Heart of Poverty Reduction. Ugyen Wangchuck Institute for Conservation and Environment (UWICE) and Social Forestry Division (SFD), Department of Forests and Park Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Royal Government of Bhutan. Thimphu, Bhutan
• Pickett M. (2015). Ethnicity, Kinship, Religion and Territory: Identifying Communities in South Asia. International Journal of Frontier Missiology, 32(1), pp. 23-36.
• Spear, R. (2006). Social Entrepreneurship: A Different Model. International Journal of Social Economics, 33 (5/6), pp. 399-410.
• Weber, M. (1930). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Allen and Unwin, London