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Author guidelines

Emerald Series and Books


Order of material

Please adhere to the following order (per chapter):

  • Title page (title, author(s), affiliations)
  • Running head (up to 65 characters in length)
  • Abstract
  • Main text
    • try to subdivide into sections using headings/subheadings
    • Headings of sections and subsections must be short, clearly defined and not numbered
  • Acknowledgements (if applicable)
  • Appendix (if applicable)
  • References: APA 6th Edition is used. Please see the references section below for more detail
  • Figures (if applicable)
  • Tables (if applicable)

For new books that require an alternative style and/or format please discuss with the publisher.

Manuscript requirements

Abstract and keywords (for editors of multi-authored books)

Authors must supply an abstract of 250 words maximum per chapter. Please also provide up to six keywords which encapsulate the principal topics of the paper.

Figures, tables and illustrations

  • Ensure that tables/figures/illustrations are complete with necessary superscripts shown, both next to the relevant items and with the corresponding explanations or levels of significance shown as footnotes in the tables and figures.
  • All figures (charts, diagrams and line drawings) should be submitted electronically.
  • Figures should be of clear quality, and numbered consecutively e.g. Fig. 1, Fig. 2
  • If any figure has sub-parts please label as Fig.1a, Fig.1b
  • Tables should be numbered consecutively e.g. Table 1, Table 2
  • Illustrations should also be submitted electronically. Do not use screen dumps since their resolution is too low.
  • Make sure illustrations are clearly labelled (label the illustration with the chapter and figure number).
  • Supply succinct and clear captions for all tables, figures and plates.
  • Files of illustrations/figures are optional, but will be used if possible. For usable file formats, please note the following:

    • If the original figure/illustration is created in Photoshop (Halftones – 300/600 dpi, linetone - 600 dpi, Lineart -1000 dpi), send the files in tiff or jpg format.
    • If the original figure/illustration is created in Adobe Illustrator, send the files in ai, eps, wmf or svg format.
    • If the original figure/illustration is created in CorelDraw, send the files in cdr, wpg, wmf or cmx format.
    • If the original figure/illustration is created in Chemdraw, send the files in cdx or chm format.
    • If the original figure/illustration is created in MS Word or MS Excel or MS Powerpoint, send the files in doc or xls or ppt format respectively.
    • Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into a blank MS Word document or saved and imported into a MS Word document; choose "Insert" from the menu bar, "Picture" from the drop-down menu and select "From File ..." to choose the graphic to be imported. Alternatively, electronic figures created in other applications should be exported to PDF format or to any of the formats mentioned in points 1 to 5 above.

  • Graphics may be supplied in colour to facilitate their appearance in colour if hosted online but will be printed in black and white.
    Note: In general we charge for colour printing. Please consult the editor or the publisher.
  • In the text of the paper the preferred position of all figures/illustrations should be indicated by typing on a separate line the words “Take in Figure (No.)” or “Take in Plate (No.)”. Tables should be typed and included as part of the manuscript. They should not be submitted as graphic elements.

Mathematical characters

For reasons of conversion it is preferred, albeit not mandatory, that mathematics/linguistic characters in the file are produced through the facilities of the program itself (e.g. the equation editor of MS Word, or LaTeX for maths). If the equations have been produced by making use of some special program other than that used for the body of the text, the conversion to the typesetting system is a more complex matter.

Equation numbering and presentation

Eqs. (1) and (2) abbreviated even at start of sentence. All single letter variables and constants are to be made italic. Subscripts and superscripts are roman if they are not variables. To differentiate the vectors and matrices from scalar parameters/variables, please use the following font specification:

  • Vectors: Bold and italics or italics with overhead arrow (e.g., vector x, τ or x,τ r r)
  • Matrices: Bold and Roman (e.g., matrix A or AT)
  • Scalar variable: Italics (e.g., variable x or y)

Direct quotations

When quoting, always provide the author, year, and specific page citation or paragraph number for nonpaginated material. Cite the quote source and the page or paragraph number in parentheses at the end of the quotation.

Footnotes and endnotes

Footnotes are preferred.

Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive superscript numbers outside punctuations and listed at the end of the article.

The use of footnotes or endnotes should be consistently used throughout the book.


Appendices will be placed at the end of the reference section. The numbering of the figures and tables in the Appendix should be named as A1, A2, A3, etc., even if there is only one Appendix. If a chapter contains 2 appendices, the first appendix should be named as Appendix A and the second appendix should be named as Appendix B. Further, if Appendix A has 3 equations, the equations should be named as A.1, A.2 and A.3.


  • References to other publications must be in APA 6th Edition reference style
  • All references should be supplied as a reference list
  • Citations: for two-authors references, cite both names at every citation in the text. For three to five-author references, cite all authors at the first citation and at subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. For 6 or more authors, include the surname of the first author followed by et al. for all the citations. (See below for exception rules). All parenthetical citations should be in alphabetical order as per the reference list.

Reference list

  • Invert all authors' names; give surnames and initials for up to and including seven authors. When authors number eight or more, include the first six authors’ names, then insert three ellipsis points, and add the last author’s name. For example:

    • Please provide the references with all the author names as shown in the reference below:
      Cooper, M.C., Lambert, D.M., Mooper, A., Pagh, J., Koper, K., Bert, M., Asper, D. & Lagh, T. (1997). Supply Chain Management: More Than a New Name for Logistics. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 8, 1–14.
    • In the page proofs, the above reference will appear as:
      Cooper, M.C., Lambert, D.M., Mooper, A., Pagh, J., Koper, K., Bert, M., . . . Lagh, T. (1997). Supply Chain Management: More Than a New Name for Logistics. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 8, 1–14.

  • For references with the same surname and initials but different first name please provide the first name also as follows:
    • Janet, P. [Paul]. (1876). La notion de la personnalite [The notion of personality]. Revue Scientifique, 10, 574–575.
    • Janet, P. [Pierre]. (1906). The pathogenesis of some impulsions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1, 1–17.
    • Text citation to be given as follows:
      (Paul Janet, 1876)
      (Pierre Janet, 1906)

  • For references of two or more primary authors with the same surname, include the first author's initials in all text citations, even if the year of publication differs.
    • Light, I. (2006). Deflecting immigration: Networks, markets, and regulation in Los Angeles. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
    • Light, M. A., & Light, I. H. (2008). The geographic expansion of Mexican immigration in the United States and its implications for local law enforcement. Law Enforcement Executive Forum Journal, 8, 73–82.

  • Examples of text citation:
    • Among studies, we review M.A. Light and Light (2008). I. Light (2006) studies this concept.

  • If two references of more than three surnames with the same year shorten to the same form, e.g. both Ireys, Chernoff, DeVet, & Kim, 2001, and Ireys, Chernoff, Stein, DeVet, & Silver, 2001 shorten to Ireys et al., 2001). Then cite the surnames of the first authors and of as many of the subsequent authors as necessary to distinguish the two references, followed by a comma and et al.: Ireys, Chernoff, DeVet, et al. (2001) and Ireys, Chernoff, Stein, et al. (2001).


Each reference should include four elements:

  1. Author/Editor/Producer.
  2. Date.
  3. Title.
  4. Publication Information.

For example:

  • Smith, M. (2004). Wrestling with the angel: A life of Janet Frame. Auckland, New Zealand: Viking.

N.B. If the book is available online, a retrieval statement or DOI is required after (3) Title. Exclude (4) Publication Information. See, for example:

  • Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722

  • Freud, S. (1953). The method of interpreting dreams: An analysis of a specimen dream. In J. Strachey (Ed. & Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 4, pp. 96-121). Retrieved from (Original work published 1900)


Items published on a regular basis, such as journals, magazines and newspapers, are known as serials or periodicals. For these include the same elements as for a book, but exclude the publication information and add the volume, issue and page number(s) instead:

    • Author(s)
    • Date
    • Title of article
    • Title of Periodical
    • Volume, Issue and Page numbers

For example:

  • Sainaghi, R. (2003).Strategic position and performance of winter destinations. Tourism Review, 63(4), 40–57.

N.B. If the article is available online, a retrieval statement or DOI is required after the page numbers. See, for example:

  • Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005).Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225– 229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

  • Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. EJournal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from

Webpages (unpublished and informally published work)

Include the same elements as for a book, but exclude the publication information and add a retrieval statement in its place.

  1. Author
  2. Date
  3. Title
  4. Retrieval statement

For example:

N.B. Include a retrieval date if the source material is likely to change over time (Publication Manual, p. 192). See, example, Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from


Prior to article submission, authors should clear permission to use any content that has not been created by them. Failure to do so may lead to lengthy delays in publication. Emerald is unable to publish any copy which has permission pending. The rights Emerald require are:

  1. Non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the article or book chapter.
  2. Print and electronic rights.
  3. Worldwide English language rights.
  4. To use the material for the life of the work (i.e. there should be no time restrictions on the re-use of material e.g. a one-year licence).

When reproducing tables, figures or excerpts from another source, it is expected that:

  1. Authors obtain the necessary written permission in advance from any third party owners of copyright for the use in print and electronic formats of any of their text, illustrations, graphics, or other material, in their manuscript.
  2. Authors obtain any proof of consent statements
  3. If an author adapts significantly any material, the author must inform the copyright holder of the original work.
  4. Authors must always acknowledge the source in figure captions and refer to the source in the reference list.
  5. Authors should not assume that any content which is freely available on the web is free to use. Authors should check the website for details of the copyright holder to seek permission for re-use.

Upon submission, authors should complete the permissions checklist form and attach to the Manuscript Release Form. A permissions request form is available for use.

Emerald is a member of the STM Association and participates in the reciprocal free exchange of material with other STM members. This may mean that in some cases, authors do not need to clear permission for re-use of content. Authors should check the STM website to find participating publishers and follow STM's permissions guidelines.

Final submission

Once accepted for publication, the final version should be sent to the Editor electronically by email or CD using Word or Rich Text Format, labelled with author name(s); book/volume title; file name.

Word is preferred but if not possible, the following are accepted:

  • PDF
  • LaTeX accompanied with a PDF
  • Word Perfect

Each article or contributed chapter must be accompanied by a completed and signed Copyright Transfer Agreement available from the Publisher. The Editor/Author must ensure the final version is complete, grammatically correct and without spelling or typographical errors. For edited works, it is important that style, formatting and spelling is consistent throughout.