Beyond the state’s reach: Education and citizen-making in China


Considerable effort has been made to explore the Chinese state’s construction of citizenship through formal schooling in a top-down manner, but a variety of citizen-making practices have emerged beyond the state reach for cultivating a mosaic of citizenship identities and roles. Through examining the different scenarios in both formal and informal educational settings, this special issue draws attention to the dynamics of citizen-making processes among the different social groups in contemporary Chinese society. This special issue aims to:

  1. To address citizen-making practices that have emerged beyond the state reach, a research area scantily attended in the current literature on China’s citizenship and citizenship education;
  2. To enrich the sociological analysis of social transformation in China from a citizenship perspective;
  3. To explore the implications of Chinese traditional culture (e.g., Confucianism and Daoism) for the making of new types of Chinese citizen. This is an understudied area in the existing scholarship;
  4. To make fresh contributions to the broad areas of China studies, citizenship studies, and education studies.

List of topic areas

  • Social transformation and citizenship;
  • citizenship and educational policies/reforms;
  • Traditional cultures and citizenship;
  • nationalism, individualism and citizen-making.

Submissions Information

Submissions are made using ScholarOne Manuscripts. Registration and access are available at:

Author guidelines must be strictly followed. Please see:…

Authors should select (from the drop-down menu) the special issue title at the appropriate step in the submission process, i.e. in response to “Please select the issue you are submitting to”.

Submitted articles must not have been previously published, nor should they be under consideration for publication anywhere else, while under review for this journal.

Email for submissions: [email protected]

Key deadlines

Closing date for manuscripts submission: 01/07/2022

Closing date for abstract submission: 01/07/2022

Guest Editors

Zhenzhou Zhao

Department of Social Sciences at the Education University of Hong Kong - Hong Kong

[email protected]

Canglong Wang

Faculty of Arts Cultures and Education, University of Hull - UK

[email protected]