Marketization revisited – from competition to collaboration?
Special issue call for papers from International Journal of Public Sector Management
Deadline for submission to the special issue: 15 February 2016. Publication is scheduled in late 2016. Early submissions and announcements to submit a paper are encouraged.
Morten Balle Hansen, Aalborg University,
Christian Lindholst, Aalborg University
Since the 1980s, the public sector in many countries has witnessed fundamental changes in its organization and management. In the Public Administration literature this reform movement has been labelled New Public Management (NPM) (or Reinventing Government in the US context) and it included a variety of new ways of organizing public sector activities (Hood 1991, Osborne and Gaebler 1992).
One of the strongest global reform trends of NPM has been the implementation of different types of marketization mechanisms in public service delivery (Djelic 2006, Pierre 1995), though the strength and features of this trend varies considerable between countries (Pollitt and Bouckaert 2011) and policy areas (Hansen 2010, Hansen 2011, Lindholst 2009). In the special issue, we use the concept of marketization broadly to include a number of managerial arrangements that attempts to enhance competition in public sector service delivery. It may include contracting out, public procurement, public-private partnerships, agencification, free choice for users, purchaser-provider split models and other attempts to create quasi-markets around public services.
Empirically, we call for papers examining the evolution and current state of marketization in the public sector in one or more countries. We encourage a focus at the local level of government and a focus on specific policy areas. Such areas may be technical services often considered well suited for marketization such as Park services and Road maintenance (Brown & Potoski, 2005; Hefetz & Warner, 2012) or they may be social services such as eldercare, employment policies, and public education. The analyses may be based on secondary data such as literature reviews, government white papers and/or primary data such as surveys, interviews, case studies or the like. Papers included in the special issue should include both an examination of the evolution of marketization in recent decades, an analysis of the institutional arrangements structuring marketization and an examination of the current state of marketization in the area in focus.
Theoretically a common way of framing the adaptation of marketization across national context(s) is to use a diffusion model. That is to see marketization reforms as initiated and spreading out from so-called benchmark countries, in particular Anglo-Saxon countries toward other – and later adapting – countries within the group of OECD countries (Barzelay 2000). This type of convergence story are often supported by sociological (legitimacy driver) or economical (efficiency driver) versions of institutional theory (Hall and Taylor 1996, Scott 2001). The convergence story, however, is not uncontested (Common 1998) and historical institutionalism (Steinmo, Thelen and Longstreth 1992) and its notion of path-dependent processes provide an alternative interpretation often celebrated by scholars in public administration (Knudsen and Rothstein 1994, Pollitt and Bouckaert 2011, Premfors 1998). We encourage papers to rethink theoretically what they find empirically. To what extent do institutional theories account for the observed empirical patterns of marketization? To what extent do we need new theories to understand patterns of marketization?
The objective of the special issue for IJPSM is to provide an empirical basis for analysing and comparing the evolution and state of the art of marketization at the level of local government in several countries. In particular our aim is to examine to what extent the classical contracting out regime well known from New Public Management (Boyne 1998, Hodge 2000) has been replaced or supplemented by other types of institutional arrangements for interaction between public and private sector organizations. In the recent decade various types of post-NPM trends has been suggested (Christensen and Laegreid 2007, Dunleavy et al. 2006, Hood and Peters 2004, O'Flynn 2007) and in terms of public-private service delivery arrangements especially one suggested trend is important to examine. To what extent can a change from competition to collaboration in public-private service delivery arrangements be detected (Donahue and Zeckhauser 2006, Entwistle and Martin 2005, Hodge, Greve and Boardman 2012, McGuire 2006, Warner and Hefetz 2008)?
Barzelay, M. 2000. The New Public Management: Improving Research and Policy Dialogue. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
Boyne, G. A. 1998. Public Choice Theory and Local Government : A Comparative Analysis of the Uk and the USA. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Christensen, T. and P. Laegreid, eds. 2007. Transcending New Public Management: The Transformation of Public Sector Reforms Aldershot: Ashgate.
Common, Richard K. 1998. "Convergence and Transfer: A Review of the Globalisation of New Public Management." International Journal of Public Sector Management 11(6):440-50.
Djelic, Marie-Laure. 2006. "Marketization: From Intellectual Agenda to Global Policy-Making." Transnational governance. Institutional dynamics of regulation:53-73.
Donahue, J. D. and R. J. Zeckhauser. 2006. "Public-Private Collaboration." Pp. 496-525 in The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy, edited by M. Moran, M. Rein and R. E. Goodin. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dunleavy, P., H. Margetts, S. Bastow and J. Tinkler. 2006. "New Public Management Is Dead - Long Live Digital-Era Governance." Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 16(3):467-94.
Entwistle, T. and S. Martin. 2005. "From Competition to Collaboration in Public Service Delivery: A New Agenda for Research." Public Administration 83(1):233-42.
Hall, Peter A. and Rosemary C. R. Taylor. 1996. "Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms." Political Studies 44:936-57.
Hansen, M. B. 2010. "Marketization and Economic Performance." Public Management Review 12(2):255-74. doi: 10.1080/14719031003616644.
Hansen, M. B. 2011. "Antecedents of Organizational Innovation: The Diffusion of New Public Management into Danish Local Government." Public Administration 89(2):285-306. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9299.2010.01855.x.
Hodge, G. 2000. Privatization. An International Review of Performance. Boulder: Westview Press.
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Hood, C. 1991. "A Public Management for All Seasons." Public Administration 69(1):3-19.
Hood, Christoffer and B. Guy Peters. 2004. "The Middle Aging of New Public Management: Into the Age of Paradox?". Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 14(3):267-82.
Knudsen, T. and B. Rothstein. 1994. "State-Building in Scandinavia." Comparative Politics 26(2):203-20.
Lindholst, Andrej Christian. 2009. "Contracting-out in Urban Green-Space Management: Instruments, Approaches and Arrangements." Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 8(4):257-68.
McGuire, M. 2006. "Collaborative Public Management: Assessing What We Know and How We Know It." Public Administration Review 66:33-43.
O'Flynn, Janine. 2007. "From New Public Management to Public Value: Paradigmatic Change and Managerial Implications." Australian Journal of Public Administration 66(3):353-66.
Osborne, David and Ted Gaebler. 1992. Reinventing Government. How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector. Reading: Addison-Wesley.
Pierre, Jon. 1995. "The Marketization of the State: Citizens, Consumers, and the Emergence of the Public Market." Governance in a changing environment 2:55.
Pollitt, C. and G. Bouckaert. 2011. Public Management Reform. Comparative Analysis of New Public Management, Governance and the Neo-Weberian State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Premfors, R. 1998. "Reshaping the Democratic State: Swedish Experiences in a Comparative Perspective." Public Administration 76(1):141-59.
Scott, W. R. 2001. Institutions and Organizations. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Steinmo, S., K. Thelen and F. Longstreth, eds. 1992. Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis. . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Warner, M. E. and A. Hefetz. 2008. "Managing Markets for Public Service: The Role of Mixed Public-Private Delivery of City Services." Public Administration Review 68(1):155-66.